Local iOS Data Storage Guidelines for iOS Applications
Data persistence is an important function of app based on any technology, be it android or iPhone. There are times when we have to work without an internet connection, which is where offline capabilities of a mobile app come into practice. In our previous post “local android data storage” we discussed the technologies in Android that support offline storage capabilities in Android based mobile apps. Here we will explore local iOS data storage guidelines for iOS apps intended to keep certain information locally. Local storage is meant for retaining web app data locally using certain frameworks, tools and methods distinctive to different platforms. For iOS storage there are different methods to choose from. The choice, however, depends upon what and how much data you want to store. Most of the times more than one method is required to implement local storage in iOS apps, as there are different persistence needs of the application viz. data gathered from web browsing, user preferences, and application settings. The most widely used methods for local storage implementation in iOS are:
- Property List
- Core Data
- NSUser Defaults
- Key Chain
Different methods serve different data persistence purposes, for example, SQLite is used for low-level relational database work while Core Data is a modeling framework for object oriented Cocoa Touch Applications.
Essential Guidelines for Local iOS Applications Data Storage
SQLite For iOS Local Data Storage
SQLite is a powerful lightweight C library that is embedded in an iOS application. This is used in various applications across various platforms including Android and iOS. It uses SQL-centric API to operate the data tables directly. Using SQLite C library for local data storage implementation in iOS applications, one needs to be very meticulous when passing in strings and arguments required for the functions. SQLite is very particular about the argument type given to functions.
Another most common method of storing data in iOS application is in Property List files. Documents in property list contain either an NSDictionary or an NSArray, inside which there is archived data. There are number of classes that can be archived into the PList, viz. NSArray, NSDate, NSString, NSDictionary and NSdictionary. Objects other than these cannot be archived as a property list and will not be able to write the file. One has to be very particular about listing items into the classes, for instance to store a Boolean or Integer object only NSNumber class is used. Boolean or Integer object must not be given to any objects in NSDictionary or NSArray.
Core Data is the method recommended by Apple for local storage of app’s data. By default, core data uses SQLite as its main database in the iOS app. Internally Core Data make use of SQLite queries to save and store its data locally, which is why all the files are stored as .db files. This also eliminates the need to install a separate database. In iOS this framework allows for two different database storage types but by default it is SQLite. Core Data allows you deal with common functionalities of an app like, restore, store, undo and redo.
To save properties in any application and user preferences, NSUserDefaults is one of the most common methods for local data storage. This is used to save logged in state of the user within an application, so that the app can fetch this data even when user access the application at some other time. In some of the iOS apps this method is used to save user’s confidential information like access token.
Most of the time developers avoid implementing key chain method to save data as the method follows a complicated procedure. If the device is jail broken, none of your data is secure. This is the most secure and reliable method to store data on a non-jailbroken device. Simple wrapper classes are used to store data using key chain method. The code for saving data here is similar to the code for saving data in NUserDefaults. The syntax used is very similar to that of NUserDefaults. Using these methods developers can also reduce the vulnerabilities of iOS applications, by storing local data in a secure manner. However, this is not possible for a jailbroken device, where the attacker can access everything from PList files, key chain and other method implementations. Using the methods listed above developers can make it tricky for attackers to reach the locally stored information. Also, iOS local storage increases the offline capabilities of a mobile application, thus making it less internet dependent. For more information you can REACH OUT TO US HERE.